Eternal University Research Scholar Awarded at INDO – GLOBAL Education Summit 2013

Jasneet Kaur, a Ph.D. Research Scholar at Eternal University, Baru Sahib was recently invited at the 2013 INDO-Global Education Summit, organized by ‘The INDUS Foundation’ at Indian Habitat Center on 9th November, 2013 where she was awarded for Research Excellence on the basis of her research contributions and publications on the synthesis and characterization of […]

Jasneet Kaur, a Ph.D. Research Scholar at Eternal University, Baru Sahib was recently invited at the 2013 INDO-Global Education Summit, organized by ‘The INDUS Foundation’ at Indian Habitat Center on 9th November, 2013 where she was awarded for Research Excellence on the basis of her research contributions and publications on the synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials.

Jasneet’s research papers gave an in-depth analysis about ‘Synthesis and Characterization of different Nanostructures of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors’. Her work in the domain of Material Science has previously been published in several editorials and magazines; she has written various research articles on the subject and has also been an active participant in many of the National and International Research Seminars & Conferences.

An Alumnus of Akal Academy Baru Sahib (Himachal Pradesh), Jasneet Kaur originally belongs to New Delhi. She and her family, have close affinity to Baru Sahib and Baba Iqbal Singh Ji. She decided to join Akal Academy, Baru Sahib at the time when she had completed her 8th standard schooling from Guru Nanak Public School and completed rest of her studies here.

After completion of her high school, Jasneet pursued B.Sc. Physics (Hons.) from Maitreyi College, University of Delhi and did her M.Sc. at the Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi – after which she joined Eternal University as a Ph.D. Research Scholar, where she is carrying on with her Research on Nano Materials and also taking lectures for under-graduate and post-graduate students at the University.

INDO – GLOBAL Education Summit – is a comprehensive educational event of its kind ever held in India being the biggest networking event for leaders in education from India and other countries, which sees participation of around 1000 Top-Indian and Foreign Universities. Initiated in 2010, the summit identifies and promotes innovation and educational excellence through presentation of education awards to institutions, educationists, and faculty in recognition of their contributions and excellence in any of the various academic fields.

~ Deeksha Singh
~ New Delhi, 15th Nov ’13

Foundation Stone of Akal Women’s College Laid by Baba Iqbal Singh Ji at Village Manal

The wave of Rural Transformation has hit village Manal this time – With Foundation Stone laid on 13th November 2013 through the hands of 89 Years Young Baba Iqbal Ji himself, the village will now soon have its own Akal College for Women. “The opening of the Akal College in this district will hugely be helpful; […]

The wave of Rural Transformation has hit village Manal this time – With Foundation Stone laid on 13th November 2013 through the hands of 89 Years Young Baba Iqbal Ji himself, the village will now soon have its own Akal College for Women.

“The opening of the Akal College in this district will hugely be helpful; the girls will no longer need to travel distant places for First-Class Higher Education”, Babaji quoted on the occasion of Inaugural Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony.

Punjabi Tribune
Punjabi Tribune

During the event, he talked about the vision behind running of various Educational Institutes including Akal Academies and Colleges, which seek to provide modern scientific education following the traditional disciplines and strategies of Gurukul, striving to curb the drugs/alcohol addiction and to uproot the prevalent social evils from our society whilst invoking spirituality – faith & love for almighty into students.

The 5.5 acre of land for the noble cause of developing the Akal College has been donated by Major Gurcharan Singh Jhaj and his wife Raminder Kaur Jhaj, in the loving memory of their deceased son S. Gurdeep Singh Jhaj to The Kalgidhar Trust for the Noble cause of imparting quality education.

The inauguration ceremony observed presence of several social, religious personalities, who honored Baba Iqbal Singh Ji, for his commendable work and relentless efforts, especially at such age of 89 years.

Whilst addressing the guests, Babaji also mentioned about the “Guru Ki Kashi – Akal University” being constructed at Damdama Sahib – Talwandi Sabo Ki , which undertakes the noble task of bringing to reality the 4th Blessing of Gobind Singh Ji (The 10th Master); where he appealed everyone to support and contribute for the Great Noble Endeavor.

Babaji expressed to the audience that Sri Guru Granth Sahib is an ‘Epitome of Inter-Faith’ and our community has remained unsuccessful in spreading the awareness about this noble truth which can bring universal unity amongst people of all faiths whilst explaining that the foremost objective of Guru Ki Kashi would be to translate Guru Granth Sahib into all the languages of the world, so that the proclaimed message of brotherhood can be propagated.

~ Ramandeep Singh
~ New Delhi, 14th Nov ’13


Baba Iqbal Singh Ji Recognized as World’s 5th Most Powerful Sikh by U.K. Directory Report

Baba Iqbal Singh Ji of Baru Sahib, has been listed as the world’s 5th most powerful, influential and contemporary Sikh, according to the 1st edition of the Annual ‘The Sikh 100’  Report published by Sikh Directory U.K. (London). The issued list is the world’s first comprehensive ranking of the most powerful, influential and contemporary Sikhs in the world. The report is based […]

Baba Iqbal Singh Ji of Baru Sahib, has been listed as the world’s 5th most powerful, influential and contemporary Sikh, according to the 1st edition of the Annual ‘The Sikh 100’  Report published by Sikh Directory U.K. (London).


The issued list is the world’s first comprehensive ranking of the most powerful, influential and contemporary Sikhs in the world.

The report is based on in-depth analysis & study upon criteria & findings of several factors including – 7 type of Powers, Position, Influence, Effectiveness, Conduct,  Relations, Capabilities, Rights, Honors & Awards Received.

Navbharat Times
Navbharat Times

Very few people know that Iqbal Singh Ji, more popularly known as Babaji amongst the Sikh Community, now 89 yrs young, is the Founder & the President of The KalgidharTrust/Society, a Charitable Organization that runs 129 school strong, Akal Group of Value-Based Education Schools/Academies & Universities for Rural & Under-privileged in North India.  He is an M.Sc. and retired as Director Agriculture of Himachal Pradesh.

Also, at the age when most people take retirement, Baba Ji has embarked himself upon the noble task of building rural Schools to fight Drug Abuse in Punjab and bringing up the ‘Guru Ki Kashi – Akal University’ at Talwandi Sabo to bring to reality, the 4th Prophecy of the 10th Master Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji, after 307 years have elapsed.

~ Ramandeep Singh
~ New Delhi, 12th Nov ’13

Book Reviews – Drug Addiction, Edited by: Dr. (Col.) Rajinder Singh

Book Reviews – Drug Addiction, Edited by: Dr. (Col.) Rajinder Singh Publisher: The Kalgidhar Trust Baru Sahib Pages: 208, Price: Rs. 150/-, Year: 2012   “Apart from providing statistics, various chapters in this volume look at assorted aspects of drug addiction and alcoholism, including the causes and sources of supply of such substances, and endeavour […]

Book Reviews – Drug Addiction, Edited by: Dr. (Col.) Rajinder Singh

Publisher: The Kalgidhar Trust Baru Sahib

Pages: 208, Price: Rs. 150/-, Year: 2012


  • “Apart from providing statistics, various chapters in this volume look at assorted aspects of drug addiction and alcoholism, including the causes and sources of supply of such substances, and endeavour to suggest viable methods for fighting the menace. The research done is both extensive and intensive. There are many articles, both in English and Punjabi, included in this volume that should be of interest to law enforcers, rehabilitation experts and researchers, apart from the general public.”
    Randeep Wadehra, The Tribune


  • “Salient aspects of drug addiction are well covered as regards its prevalence, origin and perpetuation. The devastating effects of the addiction of various types be it alcohol, opioids or heroin are well described. The effects of addiction on personality of the addict, his family, social, professional and economic status are covered in detail…………The book should prove useful as an important introduction for the curious reader, family members of addicts, as well as general practitioners in understanding and managing addicts in their care.”
    Dr. B.N.S. Walia, MD, FRCPCH (Lond.) FAMS, Director (Retd.), PGIMER,   Chandigarh
  • “Drug addiction is a complete book covering all its aspects………The write-ups have been contributed by the authors having clinical acumen and practical experience of managing cases of drug addiction…………The abused substances detailed out in the book are nicotine, alcohol,   opioids (top three), cannabis, benzodiazepines, antihistaminics, cocaine etc. The book is meant to be read and understood by medical and paramedical staff i.e. counselors, nursing staff and members of the NGOs involved in the treatment of these cases. The book is strongly recommended for those, who are involved in the care of the drug addicts.”
    Dr. M L Bansal, Current Medical Journal of India Vol XVIII No. 4
  • “Dr. Rajinder Singh’s book Drug Addiction is well researched and reflects his knowledge and expertise in the field of psychiatric and addiction problem in India in general and more specifically in the state of Punjab… This book is so explicit and well documented that it can be used to educate the professionals, students and Non-Governmental Organizations working in this field……..It strongly recommends that detox ought to be done under the vigilance of a medical professionals, trained in addictionologists. ”
    Dr. Satinder Brar, Eternal Voice, Vol.4 No.2


  • “The book is a guide for doctors, counselors and social workers engaged in the fight to kill the demon of addiction. Even if an addict patient is motivated to go through this book it can work wonders.………………….Good print, lucidity of language, elegant get up and rich contents make this book highly readable and useful. This book the need of shelves of every library and desk of the doctor, social worker, and counselor.”
    Kartar Singh Goshti, Abstracts of Sikh Studies, Vol XIV, Issue 3


  •  “The articles (In this book) have been written by various trained in addiction experts.……..The contents of each and every write-up reveal the hard work, dedication and struggles of the respective authors with the addiction patients. The book aims to provide information regarding all aspects of substance related disorders.”
    Soch Di Shakti (Punjabi Monthly) July 2012
  • “Drug Addiction is a book with a difference. The contributors suggest a simple and pragmatic approach to deal with drug addiction. They are of the opinion that it is the lack of spiritual values in modern life, along with other factors, which is one of the primary causes of drug addiction. In Spiritual Intelligence and Addiction, and Incorporating Spiritual Concepts in Drug Addiction Dr. ( Col.) Rajinder Singh et al, rightly reiterate that spiritual orientation of addicts along with effective medication is vital for drug-management.…………..  It is, perhaps, for this reason that both the English and Punjabi sections of Drug Addiction are followed by compilations of thoughts and ideas from saints, savants, philosophers and enlightened men.………Drug Addiction is, in brief, a thought-provoking book, with an undoubted social significance. It carries an important message, that is, the urgency to control drugs and other addictions with collective efforts from the Government, NGO’s, social activists, religious and educational and charitable trusts.”

            Lakhmir Singh, Eternal Voice Vol. 4 No. 4


For any Information Call – Dr. (Col.) Rajinder Singh  – +91 9876712054

To Order the book call  Cheema Sahib, De-Addiction Center at :+91 9872910756. +91 9872910256
Or mail us  –

Completing 27 Glorious Years of Akal Academies: Taking you to a Journey of Insights…

With Year 2013 end closing in, Akal Academies across the Rural Villages of Northern India will be completing its 27th year of education odyssey, a journey of transformation, and a journey that has only been growing younger, with each rural child coming aboard, moving onto its 28th year in the year 2014. 27 Years old, […]

With Year 2013 end closing in, Akal Academies across the Rural Villages of Northern India will be completing its 27th year of education odyssey, a journey of transformation, and a journey that has only been growing younger, with each rural child coming aboard, moving onto its 28th year in the year 2014.

Completing 27 Glorious Years of Akal Academies: Taking you to a Journey of Insights…27 Years old, 60000+ young rural students, the Akal Academies that started with 5 students in 1986 at Baru Sahib, are now breeding across 6450 villages along Northern Rural belt of India covering 5 states i.e. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, UP, Haryana & Rajasthan through India’s First knitted web of 129+ Value-Based education system schools for Rural & the under-privileged with a remarkable record growth of 20+ new schools in 2011-13 with each school providing stark facilities, infrastructure & quality of education at par with the city schools.

Up till now, we have been providing you with updates about student performances & events taking place at our Academies and now, over the coming days we will take you to a remarkable insights journey into workings and systems of our Akal Academies – from internal environment, schedules and activities of the school, to the extra-curricular activities undertaken,  strategies being followed, innovations to come, the research and the upcoming endeavors in the pipeline and much more as we go about celebrating 27 years of transformation, success & your benign support.

~ Ramandeep Singh
~ New Delhi, 6th Nov ’13

Meet Graced Angrez Singh: The 10 Minute Caricature Artist of Destiny

Today, we introduce to you our very special member of the Baru Sahib – Young Angrez Singh – the 10 minute sketch artist, who is treated as Baru Sahib’s son, dedicated this beautiful Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s caricature to all Baru Sahib supporters as a thanks giving gesture for his god’s gifted artistic hand & his life – that he believes received god’s own illumination through the humble love & support of Baru Sahib and all of its supports, which helped raise an abandoned orphan like himself.

Meet Graced Angrez Singh: The 10 Minute Caricature Artist of Destiny
Angrez Singh was orphaned at an early age (5) when both his parents lost their lives in an unfortunate mishap, after which his poor relatives, unable to afford this little wonder’s upbringing, sent him to Baru Sahib, where he received nurturing & schooling at Akal Academy.

Angrez Singh can draw caricature of any live scene or portrait, in just about 10 minutes; his deep interest and dedication towards the sketch art stems back to his loneliness during his childhood when he had no one around him and hence decided to make his drawing pencil his best friend.

~ Deeksha Singh
~ New Delhi, 2nd Nov ’13

Himachal Pradesh honors The Kalgidhar Trust, Baru Sahib for organizing Blood Donation Camps

The Health Ministry of Himachal Pradesh organized an event for honoring ‘Raj Pathar’ Blood-Donation and observed its conclusion ceremony on 31st October 2013 at Gandhi Bhawan, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh.  Narinderpal Singh Cheena, Chief Security Officer, Kalgidhar Trust – Baru Sahib received the honor on behalf of the Trust.

Himachal Pradesh honors The Kalgidhar Trust, Baru Sahib for organizing Blood Donation Camps

The event, headed by S. Thakur Kaul Singh, Health Minister, H.P Government awarded honors to several reputed charitable organizations alongside Kalgidhar Trust including Chitkara, J.P, Nirankari Mission-H.P Red Cross and certain other similar organization that voluntarily organize Blood Donation Camps on regular basis.

During the Honor Ceremony, Minister Thakur Kaul Singh alongside invited guests praised all Blood Donating charitable organizations appreciating their philanthropic work, care and noble service for humanity whilst suggesting and encouraging them to organize such camps in the coming times. They appreciated The Kalgidhar Trust for the Noble cause of organizing the blood donation camps and working for the Rural India.

“It is a matter of great achievement for the efforts being put in to work for Rural Transformation, being recognized by the masses. Such appreciations keep us going! We strive to work for the rural India, to bring a change and secure the Nation for the future generations”, said Mr. Narinderpal Singh Cheena.

~ Ramandeep Singh
~ New Delhi, 2nd Nov ’13

The Lord – The Super King

Ko-oo Har samaan nahee raja. Ei bhoopat sabh diwas chaar ke jhootthe karat diwaajaa (SGGS, Ang – 856)
(The Lord is the super king. No other King or lord is equal to Him. The worldly Kings are
for a short duration. Their display of power and pride is also temporary and hence false.)

 This was the Hukamnama read out from Guru Granth Sahib by Sant Attar Singh during the ceremonies at Delhi Darbar held in 1911 at the time of the visit of King George V (successor of Edward VII) to India. This was the third Darbar held by the British in Delhi.

The Lord - The Super King
Attar Singh Ji

 The first Darbar was held by Lord Lytton, the then Governor General, in 1877 in Delhi – not in Calcutta the capital of British India at that time. It was a grand show. Many rituals and religious systems of the Mughals were adopted in this Darbar as also in the two Delhi Darbars to be held later. Mughal systems were followed during these Darbars to assert that the British were the legitimate successors of the Mughals. Another important reason for holding the first Darbar was that Queen Victoria had proclaimed sovereignty over all the inhabitants of the parts of India occupied by the British or the states of the   Rajas/Maharajas under them in November 1858. In this Darbar, she was announced as Kaiser-e-Hind (Ruler of India – successor of the last Mughal King). This was felt necessary by the British after the farcical trial of the last Mughal King, Bahadur Shah Zafar and his exile to Burma (now Myanmar), where he died in prison.

 The second Delhi Darbar was held in 1903 by Lord Curzon (who later divided Bengal in two parts in 1905 but had to retreat after the unrest caused in Bengal by the division). In this Darbar, coronation of King Edward VII, successor of Queen Victoria, was celebrated with pomp and show.

The Lord - The Super KingIn the third Darbar the British made a very important and historical announcement declaring Delhi as the Capital of British India and emphasized that they were the successors of the Mughals with George V, the successor of Edward VII, being the King of the British Indian Empire. The celebrations held in the presence of King George V, were extremely lavish. Apart from drinks, dances, matches and various other entertainments there were prayers held by various religious leaders, specially invited to participate by  eading out passages from their sacred scriptures in a huge gathering of all the high officials. Sant Attar

Singh also took part in the prayers because Khalsa College Committee of Amritsar as also the Sikh Maharajas of Jind, Nabha, Patiala and other states requested him to represent the Sikhs. Sant Ji reluctantly agreed ignoring his personal views regarding the celebrations of the foreign rulers.

Sant Ji reached Delhi with the Punjab Chiefs. A colorful procession of the Rajas and Maharajas from all over British India started under the patronage of Guru Granth Sahib from Patiala House towards the  Pandal, meant for religious ceremonies. Guru Granth Sahib was installed on an elephant elegantly decorated to suit the occasion and Sant Ji doing the Chavar (fly-whisk). This scene presented a picture of holiness and overshadowed the show of the princes and other public in the procession. It was a procession of its own kind in the history of Delhi.

The elephant halted after entering the gate of the Pandal. King George V stood up followed by Governor General Hardinge (of Penshurt-not Henry Hardinge, who fought with leaderless Sikh army at Mudki in December, 1846 in Anglo- Sikh War I and had decided unconditional surrender and run back to Calcutta till the traitors reassured him their help). Thereafter all the British officials and the audience got up to pay respect to Guru Granth Sahib. Maharaja of Jind carried on his head the holy Granth Sahib up to the stage where it was gorgeously installed on a Palki (palanquin).

Various religious personalities read out paragraphs, Slokas and other relevant stanzas from their  books/note books carried with them. Then came the turn of Sant Ji, who respectfully opened Guru Granth Sahib and read out the following sacred hymn on this occasion of extraordinary display of imperial power. The hymn rejected the false show of power of temporary worldly rulers – God Almighty being all powerful forever:


Ko-oo Har samaan nahee raja. Ei bhoopat sabh diwas chaar ke jhootthe karat diwaajaa. (Rahaa-o)
Tero jan ho-e so-e kat dolai teen bhavan per chhaajaa.
Haath pasaar sakai ko jan kau bol sakai na andaajaa.
Chet achet moorh mann mer-ei baaj-ei anhad baajaa.
Keh Kabir sansaa bharam chooko Dharoo Prehlad nivaajaa. (SGGS, Ang -856)

 {The Lord is the super king. No other King or lord is equal to Him. The worldly Kings are for a short   duration. Their display of power and pride is also temporary and hence false (Pause). How can your servant (devotee) waver, your shadow (protection) is there for him in the three worlds. Who can raise his hand against your humble servant or can speak against him the least. Remember him, O my foolish mind so that melody (of musical sound) may resonate and resound. Says Kabir, do not have fears and doubts (The Lord is there to look after you and thus protect you). He did so for Dhruv and Prehlad.}

 Sant Ji explained the meanings of the hymn in details to the audience after reading it out (though it was not difficult to understand even by the British because all the British officials used to learn Punjabi language and Gurmukhi script on being posted in India since they had to deal with Punjabi soldiers).

As luck would have it, it took over 17 years to build the office blocks, other buildings and shift the capital in full form. By that time, in the year 1930 Indian National Congress held a conference at Lahore (in which Baba Kharak Singh’s role was prominent) and passed historical resolution for full freedom.

As soon as this function ended King George V and Governor General Hardinge stood with folded hands in front of Sant Ji and thanked him.

The truth is that the Lord is the king of kings forever and all worldly kings with their pomp and show are temporary.

~ Balwant Singh
~ Eternal Voice, New Delhi

Ecological Reasons to not eat Meat!

John Robbins Says, “If people ate grains directly instead of cycling them through livestock, the benefits to the ecosystem would be staggering. There is not a single aspect of the ecological crisis that would not be immediately and profoundly improved by such a transformation. In fact, a shift to a more vegetarian diet is probably the most potent single act most individuals can take.”

We are all Earthlings, Please Go Vegeterian
For every acre of forestland consumed by urban development, seven acres are devoured by the meat industry, for grazing and growing Cattle feed. Percentage of tropical rainforest deforestation is directly linked with livestock rising is more than 50%. Amount of forest loss for every hamburger produced, from livestock raised on what was Central American forest, is 55 square feet. Amount of trees spared per year by each individual, who switches to a vegan diet is one acre. Water needed to produce one pound of wheat is 25 gallons where as water needed to produce one pound of beef is 2,500 gallons. Amount of water a person would conserve per year, by switching from a meat-based diet to a vegetarian diet, would be 14,23,500 gallons. If water used by the meat industry was not subsidized by U.S. taxpayers, a hamburger would cost $ 35.

The amount of food that an acre of prime land can produce is potatoes- 40,000 pounds, carrots -30,000 pounds, tomatoes- 50,000 pounds and beef -250 pounds. Percentage of US topsoil loss directly associated with livestock raising, is at least 85%. Percentage of total US land used for raising livestock is 45%. Percentage of water pollution that can be linked to wastes from the livestock industry is more than 50%. Percentage of US imported oil requirements that would be cut if the US switched to avegetarian diet is 60%. A family of four that cuts back on meat consumption by 2 pounds per week saves the equivalent energy of 104 gallons of gasoline in one year. Growing plants for food uses less than 5% of the raw materials, as does the meat production. Percentage of Americans who call themselves environmentalists is 76% whereas percentage of Americans who are vegetarian is only 2.8%. Pure vegetarian food choices make less than 5% of the demand on the soil, as meat-oriented choices. Livestock production accounts for 85% of all lost topsoil. The U.S. has already lost 75% of its topsoil. The livestock in USA produce twenty times as much excretion as does the human population. Over half of this is not recycled.

Man is not born to be Carnivore, Turn VegeterianGlobal warming: Cattle and beef production is a significant factor in the emission of the four global warming gases, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane. Much of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere, is directly attributable to beef production; burning forests to make way for cattle pasture and burning massive tracts of agricultural waste from cattle feed crops. Fifty-five square feet of rain forest is needed to produce one quarter-pound hamburger, which releases 500 pounds of CO2into the atmosphere. CO2 is also generated by the fuel used in the highly mechanized agricultural production of feed crops for cattle and other livestock. With 70 percent of all U.S. grain production now used for livestock feed, the CO2 emitted, as a direct result is significant. Cattles emit methane, another greenhouse gas, through belching and flatulence. Scientists estimate that more than 500 million tons of methane is released each year and that the world’s 1.3 billion cattle and other ruminant livestock emit approximately 60 million tons or 12 percent of the total from all sources. Methane is a serious problem because one methane molecule traps 25 times as much solar heat as a molecule of Co2.

Pounds of Edible Protein produced

from One Acre of Land


Soya-Beans-356 pounds             Rice- 256 pounds          Corn-211 pounds

Other Pulses-192 pounds           Wheat- 138 pounds         Milk-82 pounds

         Eggs-78 pounds                    All Meat-54 pounds         Beef-20 pounds

Meat-Eating Does Not Produce Bravery

Contention of the non-vegitarians for living on animal flesh is that a person become brave after eating flesh, – in fact is flaw. For bravery has nothing to do with physical strength. It is rather co-related with the strong Will, which is acquired by concentrating on the Divine Power through recitation of the Divine Name. Such power takes a man beyond the fear of death, placing his faith in God, the moral courage to face up to both the enemies within, i.e. craving for the sensual pleasures, which includes flesh eating and the enemy without —the foe on the battlefield. Guru affirms that he, whose heart is filled with Divine Name, becomes as powerful as an army tens of millions strong men.

Meat-Eating Does Not Produce Bravery

For Sikhs, the phrase ‘Char(h)di Kalaa’ i.e indomitable power refers to the inner holy strength of man  and not to the might of  his physical body.

The Sikh heroes of olden times had immense physical strength, fortitude, willingness to make sacrifices for the divine cause and the spiritual strength to embrace death through martyrdom —all these to a prodigious degree, solely because they strictly avoided meat, alcohol and other substances held taboo. Strong both in body and mind, they were upstanding individuals who always would keep their words. Pre-eminent among the honoured ranks of martyrs in the cause of Truth, Guru Arjun expounds he alone can be held valiant, in whose heart has bloomed love of God by shedding five vices. By the grace of the Divine Master (Guru), the ‘seeker after truth’ after eradication of his ego completely gains dominion over the whole world:

ਜਾ ਕਉ ਹਰਿ ਰੰਗੁ ਲਾਗੋ ਇਸੁ ਜੁਗ ਮਹਿ ਸੋ ਕਹੀਅਤ ਹੈ ਸੂਰਾ ॥
ਆਤਮ ਜਿਣੈ ਸਗਲ ਵਸਿ ਤਾ ਕੈ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਪੂਰਾ ॥੧॥

Jā ka▫o har rang lāgo is jug mėh so kahī▫aṯ hai sūrā.
Āṯam jiṇai sagal vas ṯā kai jā kā saṯgur pūrā. ||1|| (SGGS – 679)

“He alone is called a divine courageous one, who is completely immersed in the Divine wisdom in this age. With the blessings of his Divine Master (Guru), he realizes the Divine within and thus conquers the world in spiritual way through which everything comes under his control because of his Master who is completely Divine and as such is the controller of the whole Universe”

In addition to the above quality, Sikhs of olden times were imbued with divine power by the grace of Almighty and about whom it was widely believed that they measured up to Guru Gobind Singh’s proud assertion:

ਸਵਾ ਲਾਖ ਸੇ ਏਕ ਲੜਾਉਂ।

Savaa laakh s-ai aik larhaaoo(n).

“A legion of a hundred thousand and a quarter strong shall I make a lone warrior of mine to take on”

Sikh history records many instances when small bands of fearless Sikhs fought and routed the huge mighty Mughal forces whose diet was almost completely meat.

Eating meat feeds sensual desires and progressively weakens a man, in both mind and body. Not only is he then unable to wrestle with the five evils within —lust, anger, greed, attachment and arrogance (pride); but the fear of death also grips him that he lacks the tenacity to battle it out with the enemy. An individual, family group, community or nation that gives in to evil temptations and allows themselves to be enslaved by the pleasures of the flesh and become indolent, eventually go down on the road to ruin with the passage of times. As a result, sooner or later, they are overpowered by the conqueror.

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was renowned among his enemies for his bravery. Having won resounding victories in battles over a short span of seven years, his name struck terror in the hearts of his adversaries. Needless to say, Babaji and his entire band of fearless warriors were vegetarians. Over the entire span of Sikh history, all spiritual masters bearing various titles —Atamdarshi (Divine person),Mahapurash (revered souls), Gurmukh (divinely realised one). GurSikh (devout Sikh i.e. ‘seeker after truth’) eschewed meat and forbade others too from eating it. To name just a few: Bhai Nand Lal, the five beloved ones, Bhai Kanneyia, Baba Deep Singh, Bhai Mani Singh, Bhai Taru Singh, Bhai Sukha Singh and Mehtab Singh, Baba Bir Singh of Aurangabad, Baba Maharaj Singh, Baba Khuda Singh, Baba Sham Singh of Amritsar, Baba Karam Singh of Hoti Mardan (now in Pakistan), Sant Attar Singh of Mastuana, Sant Attar Singh of Reru Sahib, Baba Nand Singh of Kaleran, Baba Gurmukh Singh  (Kar Sewa wale), Bhai Randhir Singh (founder of the Akhand Kirtani Jatha), Baba Jawala Singh of Harkhowal, Baba Jhanda Singh, Baba Harnam Singh of Naushera, Baba Harnam Singh of Rampur Khera, Baba Isher Singh Rare Wale, Baba Sundar Singh and Baba Gurbachan Singh of the Damdami Taksal, none of these revered souls as well as their associates and followers ever ate meat. This tradition continues even today. Neither Baba Sri Chand (son of Guru Nanak) nor Baba Gurditta (son of Guru Hargobind) ate meat nor do their Udasi followers do so, even today, take meat. Nirmala Sikhs too, who are adherents of the Nirmala denomination founded by Guru Gobind Singh, eat no meat.

Meat is Not Essential for a Strong Physique

God has created a vide variety of nutritious vegetarian food for man. And so, eating meat goes against what Nature intended. There are only two exceptions for including meat in the diet.

Firstly, if vegetarian food is not available, which is the case in many snowbound areas in the world and secondly for the sensual pleasure. The simple truth is that a vegetarian diet easily meets our daily nutritional requirements. There is no compelling reason for anyone, including children and the elderly to eat meat. Meat-eaters constitute just one-sixth of all mankind. Meat is not at all essential to maintain a strong physique. Indeed, on reflection, certain interesting facts come to light:


1)   Men who eat meat are unable to digest it well and succumb to many physical and mental ailments. Generally cancer, arthritis (joint diseases), osteoporosis, high blood pressure, inflammation of the intestine and disorders of the kidney and lungs are the diseases non-vegetarian men readily fall prey to.

2)   Eating meat weakens the digestive system and leads to a chronic deficiency of calcium.

3)   Animal fat is rich in cholesterol which plays a large role in the causation of heart disease. Research has established thatvegetarian diet can reduce the clogging of arteries by up to 97%.

4)   From earliest times when man first appeared on Earth — flowers, fruits and vegetables formed his staple diet. Walker an anthropologist, who has worked extensively on the dentition of early man, has proven that humanoids four million years ago lived on fruit and vegetables.

5)   Charles Darwin, the renowned biologist and investigator too, believed that earliest man survived on green berries and wild fruit etc. What applied to early man applies equally to modern man.

Modern research has shown that vegetarian food is easy to digest, which is why vegetarians are less disease prone. Vegetarians enjoy healthy lives, live long, have strong teeth and need to visit a doctor less often. And, of course, they spend much less on their medical bills compared to non-vegetarians. The body of a vegetarian is pure and perfect, blessed and sacred. A large part of our national income is spent on the prevention of disease, while this prevention can easily be achieved by fostering the vegetarian way of life. It is recorded that the seven longest-lived humans in the history were vegetarians; and they have testified that the secret of the longevity was a vegetariandiet:

Their names and ages are as follows:- Kamele Toza from America – 187 years old –  Peters Jortan from Hungary, 185 years old –  Henry Jonkin from Parkshier, 161 years old, Joeseph Rington from Italy, 160 years old-  Thomaspar from England, 152 years old –  Lady Catherine Countess Desmans,136 years old, and Joanathan Harport,136 years old.

If we survey the old history of India intensively, we can find that many persons having only vegetarian diet have crossed more than 150 years of age especially in the villages and Himalayan region. There is a legend that Sidhas (Ascetics) increased the age withvegetarian diet and breath control to over thousand years. The Bharthari who was a King, renounced the world in search of God and became the disciple of Gorakhnath, a renowned Sidha (ascetic) of the then era.

Since, Bharthari was having deep craving to realize the Divine within, he could not do so through these ascetic ways. When he had the company of Guru Nanak at Achal Batala, he realized that Divine truth is much beyond the occult powers, which the Sidhas (ascetics) used to perform to allure the common population to become their devotees. Thus, Bharthari an ascetic, who was having urge to realise the Divine within, became the follower of Guru Nanak at Achal Batala, Punjab. History narrates that he was 1400 years old at that time. It proves, that for longevity and good health, vegetarian diet is enough and meat eating is only like inviting diseases and it is considered that the persons who indulged in flesh food heavily, their ages are much more reduced according to the recent studies conducted in Canada.


View Point of the Guru on Meat Eating

More than three centuries back, while creating a new order of humanity to tread on the divine path which was known as, theKhalsa, Guru Gobind Singh pronounced that besides keeping hair of the body intact, the baptized disciple (Khalsa) should not take any kind of flesh food and should not have illicit relations with any woman other than his wife and vice versa as they are the greatest hurdles to tread on divine path. As such, for the Khalsa i.e. holy disciple, it is a great hurdle to tread on the divine path. Whosoever consumes flesh food is considered as an apostate, who does not obey the instruction of the Divine Master for his spiritual upliftment.

Now, it has been established on the spiritual and scientific basis that meat-eating distracts the mind from treading on the divine path and arouses passion while invoking various kind of diseases i.e. blood pressure, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, stroke, H5N1 Avian Flu, Mad Cow disease etc. Along with the eastern countries, in western society of materialism also, the enlightened people also follow thevegetarian diet in huge numbers, renouncing meat eating as it is injurious to health. Having illicit relation with other’s spouse creates awful diseases. Due to the spread of this deadly disease, doctors and scientists have estimated that within 20-25 years up to 25 crores of population will face death due to this disease in India alone. More than 300 years ago, Guru Gobind Singh told the humanity not to indulge in smoking and other deadly drugs. Now countries across the world including India have banned smoking in all the public places. Similarly all the governments of the world are striving hard to check the indulgence of deadly drugs.

Now, throughout the world many vegetarian societies have been established which propagate among the masses; the harms in the form of various diseases, caused by taking flesh food. Most of the Indian population is vegetarian, but now the westerners are also becoming vegetarians on a large scale due to various diseases caused by taking flesh food. But Guru Gobind Singh told the masses, especially to his followers, not to take flesh food (Kutha). Now the edict of Guru Gobind Singh is being followed by quite large numbers of the world’s population. If this population (vegetarian) would read the interpretation of meat by so-called scholars of Sikhs today, they would not only be surprised but would become dumbfounded on this interpretation.

The days are not far away, when the wise governments of the world would ban the consumption of flesh food, which creates many diseases on the same basis of banning smoking on all the public places.

Thus, the four cardinal sins, as expounded by Guru Gobind Singh more than 300 years ago, are being followed by almost all the governments of the world. All the vegetarian societies of the world are spreading the message of Guru Gobind Singh not to take flesh food, which might be accepted by all the governments of the world with the passage of time.


Are we by nature vegetarian or non-vegetarian

 Evolution of Man and Vegetarianism

Human ancestors evolved over a period of about 24 million years. The archeological findings indicate that human beings wereoriginated from East Africa. The most recent finding is that of Lucy’s skeleton in Ethiopia dated 3.2 million years.

The microscopic wear tear and pattern of the teeth of many skeletons of prehistoric man found in Africa, indicates that  humanbeings mostly ate fruits, seeds, grains, nuts and grasses.  The traditional interpretation that “the humankind’s evolution reflects its needs as a hunting carnivore” is disapproved. In fact, over the entire period of human evolution of 24 million years, the humans have been vegetarianfor more than 22.5 million years. There is no doubt that humanity came into being, sustained on a diet that was almost wholly vegetarian.

Killing is not natural to human beings and it does not fit either with their physical or dietary nature. The ways and means of hunting and killing were devised, simply through necessity and the urge to survive. Meat became part of the human diet, when he discovered fire and learned to cook. As the human population grew, some of the human tribes migrated to cold temperate regions with less vegetation aroundthem, thus forcing them to consume meat.

With the settlement of human society, agriculture was developed, which encouraged human beings to become more and morevegetarian. In Israel, about 33,000 years ago, humans used to gather and roast wild cereals. In Egypt, stone pestle and mortars used to grind wild tubers and roots have been found dated as early as 20,000 years. The first sign of agriculture found in northern Israel, dates back 13,000 years. Flint sickle blades have been unearthed, which used to cut wild barley and emmer wheat.

Controlling others’ lives, environment, hunting and killing other creatures seemed to be a symbolic gesture of power. As human society evolved, the sensation of this God like dominance and power encouraged humans to eat meat. The ruling elite began eating meat, as celebration meal of offering animals sacrifice to Gods. Meat consumption was conspicuous and a token of dominant power. The more, the cattle slaughtered, cooked and eaten the greater the man becomes lusty.

The consumption of meat coincides with the offering to Gods of a domesticated animal whose flesh was reserved for men, leaving to divinity the smoke of the calcined bones and the scent of spices burned for the occasion. Men received the meat because they wanted to eat meat and the Gods had the privilege of smells, perfumes and other incorruptible substances. Under the garb of taking meat the animal sacrifices assumed spiritual significance.

Rulers and chiefs of Greece used to take flesh food regularly whereas the workers, laborers and peasants were to eat meat only on public festivals. There were sacrifices to the Gods officiated by the priests. The first animal ever sacrificed was a pig. In that system, the Gods were honored, the community expressed its solidarity and a rare chance to eat meat became visibly prevalent.

In spite of infiltration of religious rituals leading to meat eating practice, there were many sects worldwide that which maintained thevegetarian way of life. The advent of agriculture and abundant supply of vegetarian food made killing of animals for food unnecessary. Some of the priests began to abstain from meat. Thus began the practice of smelling the aroma of sacrifice ritual rather then eating meat. The vegetarian sect of priests in Egypt existed around 3200 BC.


Pythagoras and Vegetarianism

Pythagoras was a renowned Philosopher of science and mathematics and was also a pioneer in preaching on the vegetarian way of life. He was born in 580 BC in Samos in Turkey.   Pythagoras first became the student of Pherekydes, who was one of the seven wise men.   Pherekydes explained the world in natural terms and said that all life came from sea. He believed that everything is full of Gods and the soul is mingled with everything in the whole universe. He is credited with the doctrine of metempsychosis, which holds the human soul to be immortal passing on to another body, either human or animal after death.

Pythagoras developed mathematical skills, which he put to work in solving practical problems – the height of a pyramid or the distance of a ship as seen from the shore. Pythagoras was the first musical numerologist who laid down the foundations of acoustics, discovering the connection between the pitch of a note and the length of a string.

Pythagoras pursued the philosophy of soul, life and death, which was inherently bound by the Pythagorean diet. Pythagoras was the first one to promulgate a dogma of existence of soul.  Pythagoras saw the soul as an abstract concept beyond all material metaphors. He believed that the soul was immortal and could be transformed into other living creatures. All life form therefore, should be treated as kindred. To kill and eat any living creature, whether they be birds, reptile of fish, was to murder one’s cousins and eat their flesh, for all people are reborn in the time flow, illusion caused by lost memory. Such rebirth could recur any number of times unless a person should succeed in breaking the vicious circle by strenuous ascetic performances.

Egyptians were the first to claim the idea of the transmigration of souls into living creatures, whether bird, mammal, fish or reptile, and all the priestly sects abstained from eating meat. Vegetarianism was visibly practiced in Egyptian and Roman times. Pythagoreanvegetarianism had its roots deep in Ancient Egypt itself.

Pythagoras was never seen to weep or laugh, he was neither relaxed and gleeful or depressed and glum. His was a man of inner serenity, of great strength, of intellect and character and was secure and rigorous in his own belief. He claimed knowledge of his own pre-existence and believed that through complete abstention from meat, all of us could recall previous lives. Pythagoras was slim, energetic through out his life and died at the age of 104.

Pythagoras abstained from meat and believed that more insubstantial the foods, the more the body was purified and closer it could come to Gods. Mallow and Asphodel were an important part of Pythagorean diet. Both these plants were primitive foods grown in Europe. They were thought to be miracle food, which could suppress hunger and thirst. Another Persian priest, Cretanseer Epimenides, each day took a pill of Mallow and Asphodel and lived for 299 years. The Pythagorean diet is ultimate and healthiest one. In order for the humans to escape the imprisonment of their bodies, the soul had to go through a cycle of incarnations. In the interval between incarnations the soul resides in Hades. To reach a final destiny from this endless cycle of incarnations, humans had to live an ascetic life full of restrictions including ceremonies of purifications, complete abstinence from meat and other rules similar to Pythagorean teachings.


Other Religions Also Practice Vegetarianism

Scriptures of religions all over the world have taught us to see a reflection of the Heavenly Father in every living being and have considered non-violence as the best religion. Most religions have detailed the harm done by eating meat and called it an enemy of the longevity and a cause of degradation. All the religions have prohibited the killing of any harmless and innocent living being. Some people who consider the satisfaction of their appetites the prime objective of their lives try to show, in pursuance of their self-interest and contrary to the teachings of their religious founders, that their religion does not prohibit meat-eating, but that is untrue.

Hinduism: Gabriel Cousens in Conscious Eating and Steve Rosen in Food For The Spirit, have precisely concluded that Hinduism is the oldest of all Asian religions, which has strongly maintained its vegetarian perspective, perhaps from the beginning of written history.

The wisdom of the vedas underlies a wide variety of spiritual paths, related to the practice of Hinduism. Also involved is the practice of avegetarian diet is the science of yoga and the science of Ayurvedic medicine that itself originates from the Vedas.

While other major world religions are traceable to one particular founder, Hinduism has its begning in such remote antiquity that it cannot be traced to any one individual. Its roots, however, are firmly planted in the ancient Vedic scriptues. The word “Hindu” is not actually found anywhere in the Vedic scriptures. The term was introduced by Muslims from neighboring Afghanistan, Baluchistan and Persia and referred to people living across the River Sindhu, a mountain range, which borders as India’s northwest province.

Jainism: Ahimsa is the most important principles of the Jain faith established by Lord Mahavira. The Jain scriptures list 108 forms of violence. Violence in thought and actions, indulging in violence one-self or getting others to use violence or abetting violence by others, are all forbidden. Even to contemplate violence is a sin. Violence is manifested in thought, word and deed. Even the utterances of words, which hurt another person is considered as a sin. In a religion where tying up of animals, causing hurt to them, overloading them or even keeping them in cages is considered sinful, the question of eating meat just does not arise.

Budhism: Gautam Budha who was sometimes also called Sidhartha started Budh Dharma. After attaining enlightenment he categorically prohibited his disciples from eating meat.

In the Lanka Avatar (a bodhi scripture), it is quoted that Budha said – “For the sake of love of purity, the bodhisattva should refrain from eating flesh. For fear of causing terror to living beings, let the bodhisattva, who is disciplining himself to attain compassion, refrain from eating flesh”.

Further he clarified “that even if the animal is not killed by a person who is eating meat, it is still inappropriate to eat meat”. Again, there may be some people in the future who, under the influence of the taste of meat, will put forward many sophisticated arguments to defend meat-eating, but meat-eating in any form, in any manner, and in any place is unconditionally, and once and for all, prohibited.

Budha propounded that “meat-eating I have not permitted to anyone, I do not permit, and will not permit”.

In the Surangama Sutra, a Bodhi scripture, it is written that Budha said: “After my parinirvana (supreme enlightenment) in the final kalpa (time era), different kinds of ghosts were encountered everywhere deceiving people and teaching them that they can eat meat and still attain enlightenment. How can a bhikshu (seeker) who hopes to become a deliverer of others, himself be living on the flesh of other sentient beings”?

The following quote from Mahaparinirvana Sutra, a bodhi scripture, sums up the importance of vegetarianism for Buddhism and perhaps all spiritual paths.